- Mary Shelley wrote "Frankenstein" which was about a frightening artificial lifeform reated by Dr. Frankenstein.1921
- The term "robot" was first used in a play called "R.U.R." or "Rossum's Universal Robots" by the Czech writer Karel Capek. The plot was simple: man makes robot then robot kills man!1941
- Science fiction writer Isaac Asimov first used the word"robotics" to describe the
technology of robots and predicted the rise of a powerful robot industry.1942
- Asimov wrote "Runaround", a story about robots which contained the "Three Laws of Robotics":
A robot may not injure a human, or,through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.1948
A robot must obey the orders it by human beings except where such orders would conflicts with the First Law.
A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection do not conflict withe the First or Second Law.
- "Cybernetics", an influence on artificial intelligence research was published by Norbert Wiener.1956
- George Devol and Joseph Engelberger formed the world's first robot company.1959
- Computer-assisted manufacturingg was demonstrated at the Servomechanisms Lab at MIT.1961
- The first industrial robot was online in a General Motors automobile factory in New Jersey. It was called UNIMATE.1963
- The first artificial robotic arm to be controlled by a computer was designed. The Rancho Arm was designed as a tool for the handicapped and it's six joints gave it the flexibility of a human arm.1965
- DENDRAL was the first expert system or program designed to execute the accumulated knowledge of subject experts.1968
- The octopus-like Tentacle Arm was developed by Marvin Minsky.1969
- The Stanford Arm was the first electrically powered, computer-controlled robot arm.1970
- Shakey was introduced as the first mobile robot controlled by artificial intellence. It was produced by SRI International.1974
- A robotic arm (the Silver Arm) that performed small-parts assembly using feedback from touch and pressure sensors was designed.1979
- The Standford Cart crossed a chair-filled room without human assistance. The cart had a tv camera mounted on a rail which took pictures from multiple angles and relayed them to a computer. The computer analyzed the distance between the cart and the obstacles.